2nd INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE "FREIGHT-2005: CONTAINER TRANSPORTATION IN RUSSIA AND CIS"
On 2-3 June 2005 in St.Petersburg there was held the II International Conference "FREIGHT-2005: Container transportation in Russia and CIS"
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On 2-3 June 2005 the SeaNews Information&Consulting held the II International Conference "FREIGHT-2005: Container transportation in Russia and CIS". The conference was devoted to the problems of container transportation development in Russia and the neighbouring states, the current state and the prospects of the Russian logistics business, cooperation between the state regulating bodies and business. The Moscow energy crisis gave particular topicality to the discussion of the development of containerization in Russia - the most technological segment of the commercial freight transportation market. The problem having caused the energy crisis is fundamental: the chronic shortage of investments that accounts for the assets deterioration. And the other industries are characterized by similar situation, only their problems are not hitting the ultimate consumer so suddenly and painfully. There is a chance that the container transportation in Russia will follow the scenario of the energy industry. The bad thing is that in Russia everything is being done in the light of the short-term perspective. A reason for that lies in the fact that the state fails to create the feeling of safety and stability by both business and population in general. Throughout the world the cargoes are almost 100% containerized. In Russia import is 90% containerized; while export - by only 12-15%. The significant potential of the container transportation growth lies with the export containerization: according to the Far Eastern Shipping Company depute general direction Sergey Kozlov, Russia is approximately 4-fold behind the other world countries in the export containerization. Another growth factor was named by Mikhail Kholyavenko, Maersk Logistics logistics manager. In his opinion "Russia's container transportation dynamics is great in terms of volumes, which is due to the economy development". Though the STIM general director Alexander Borodulin mentioned that "unfortunately, the growth of container transportation in our country is based on the economic growth of China and Korea, but not Russia ". In the estimation of the SeaNews special projects director Alexey Bezborodov, this year the container turnover of the Nevskaya Guba terminals may reach 1 mln. TEU. According to the SeaNews data, the cargo turnover of the Big Port of St.Petersburg specialized and universal terminals handling containers in the first 4 months 2005 exceeded 300 th. TEU, which is 36,76% more than last year. The April container turnover comprised 86 th. TEU, which is almost 30% more than in April 2004, and 5% more than in March 2005. The First Container Terminal in the 5 months 2005 increased its turnover by 40% against previous year. From the beginning of the year the Petrolesport turnover has grown by 35%. At that the forecasts by the SeaNews analysts based on the current statistics and the market trends are confirmed by the container lines plans. Thus, according to Daniil Kuskov, OOO MET linear manager, K-Line general agent in Russia, already by the end of 2006 K-Line may attract to the port of St.Petersburg up to 1 th. TEU of cargoes per week. At the same time the company plans to open offices in Novorossiysk and in the Far East. The conference participants argued a lot about the container transportation prospects in Russia and came to no agreement. Most of the delegates do not share M.Kholyavenko's optimistic viewpoint. The growth of container traffic is due to the import volumes increase, which results from the growing customer demand. But the demographic situation in the country in such that the import growth is unlikely to go on at the same rate for long. The container transportation potential is directly related to attracting transit cargoes to the Russian transcontinental mainlines. At present the transit container flow via the Transsiberian mainline comprises 147 th. TEU. But 95% of this volume, according to the director of the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade Tariffs Regulation and Infrastructure Reform Department Eugeny Mikhailov, is pseudotransit. The proper transit cargo flow is not growing, as also the transcontinental traffic in general. According to A. Borodulin, starting with 2001 the volume of container cargoes carried by block trains has been reducing. At present the Moscow railway is not sending a single block train. In the recent months there has emerged a negative tendency in respect to the volume of container traffic via Transsib. According to A. Borodulin, in April the Transsiberian traffic reduced 2-fold against March. The Finnish Railway representative Lea Viinamyaki also mentioned the decrease in volumes. The volume of container cargoes handled by the sea terminals is growing. But the underdevelopment of domestic land infrastructure, first of all lack of logistics centers and terminals on the port - railway junctions, restricts the market growth. The Russia's largest terminal - PKT - in the 5 months 2005 increased its turnover by 40% against the previous year. The terminal's facilities still allow for the further growth of turnover. But the existing infrastructure is unable to carry out the timely export of containers from the terminal. The terminal is stuffed with containers. The further development of the port complex is necessary, but it is reasonable only in case of parallel development of land infrastructure, mentioned the OOO Ruscon marketing director Andrey Naraevsky. In the course of the round table summing up the conference there was prepared a draft resolution to be directed upon final agreements to the RF Ministry of Transport, RF Ministry of Economic Development and Trade, RF Federal Agency of Sea and River Transport, RF Federal Customs Service, RF Federal Service on Tariffs and the Russian Railways JSC. The Resolution suggests:
To increase the Russian ports competitiveness first of all by reducing the cost of a port call. To reduce the ports dues to the competitive level.To realize the railway transport reform according to the planned program. To provide real competition on the railway transport.To improve the legislative basis of the railway transport. The clear delimitation of responsibility between the market subjects: ZAO RZD, subsidiaries, first of all Transcontainer, railways, and others.To regulate all the railway tariff components. To prevent introduction of any additional unregulated dues.To realize a coordinated investment policy aimed at the Russian transport complex harmonious development. To publish the investment plans of ZAO RZD and its subsidiaries in respect to the railway infrastructure development and the rolling stock renovation.To ensure coordinated norms and demands on the part of various authorities regulating the industry operation in its segments. E.g.: the height of a standard certified container produced by the Abakanvagonmash plant placed on a standard automobile platform produced by the Russian automobile plants exceeds the norm determined by the RF GIBDD.
The conference was held by the support of the RF Sea and River Transport Federal Agency and the RF Federal Customs Service. The event was sponsored by the companies SOLVO Ltd., STS Logistics, ELCOM and Sun Microsystems. The RZD-Partner publishing house was the general information sponsor. 186 delegates of over 130 companies took part in the conference. Among the delegates there were representatives of the St.Petersburg Administration, RF Ministry of Transport, RF Ministry of Economic Development and Trade, RF Federal Customs Service, RF Federal Service on Tariffs, RF Railway Transport Federal Agency's North-Western Territorial Administration, North-Western Customs Administration, Baltic Customs, ports of St.Petersburg, Novorossiysk, Rotterdam, Klaipeda, Astrakhan, Ukrainian Ports' Association, Vladivostok Sea Fishing Port, RZD structures - the Center for Firm Transport Servicing and ZAO Transcontainer, ZAO Severstaltrans, OAO Far Eastern Shipping Company, OAO Novoship, Maersk Logistics, Magistral Container Lines, K-Line, OOCL and CMA CGM, VR Cargo (Finnish Railway), CargoSmart Ltd., ООО Module, Eurosib group of companies, OOO Ural-Container, ZAO Stim, Fantuzzi Eurasia, Straightway Southeast Finland, Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corp. Europe Ltd., Sea Sotra (London) Ltd and other. For detailed information about the conference address the Conference Organization Committee: Tel.: +7 (812) 380-38-25 Fax: +7 (812) 380-38-27 Е-mail: Freight@SeaNews.ru